Wurzweiler School of Social Work, Yeshiva University
New York City, NY
HIV/AIDS Education Home Page: http://draweiner.freeservers.com/HIVEducation/index.html
Diversity University Home Page: http://moo.du.org/
Angel site: http://bh-ada.mis.yu.edu/Angel/frameIndex.htm
Please note that if you received this syllabus in a printed format
on paper, that it exists as an interactive web based syllabus on the course
web page at:: http://draweiner.freeservers.com/HIVEducation/index.html. Other useful web resources also appear on the course page. Students
in the class will be required to access the web page to use the hyperlinks
to locate readings and articles and engage in chat and e-mail discussions.
CLICK ON ANY HYPERLINK BELOW TO GO TO THAT SECTION OF THE SYLLABUS:
- COURSE DESCRIPTION
- LEARNING OBJECTIVES
- REQUIRED TEXTS
- RECOMMENDED MATERIALS
- INTERNET RESOURCES
- WRITTEN ASSIGNMENTS
- POLICY ANALYSIS PAPER ON AND THE BAND PLAYED ON
- EXPERIENTIAL PROJECTS
- PROJECT #1 - "The Personal Face of AIDS"
- PROJECT #2- "AIDS Education/Prevention Project"
- READING LIST AND COURSE CALENDAR
Members of this course will have the opportunity to learn the most current information available about HIV/AIDS, explore personal and societal values, develop an understanding of the social issues faced by those who are HIV infected, their families and society as a whole and develop and participate in research, educational and prevention projects. This course will be a small seminar composed of students who are working in their field placements with those who are HIV infected. The use of the Internet is required. Prerequisites: This course is open to second year students who have field placements with people affected by HIV/AIDS.
This course builds upon the foundation course content in practice and fieldwork, HBSE, cultural diversity, policy and research. Throughout the course students are required to make connections to their advanced practice method and field, policy, research and values and ethics as it applies to practice. By the completion of this course, students will demonstrate:
2. Accurate knowledge of the epidemiological aspects of HIV and safer sex activities appropriate to a beginning professional who will be required to work with those who are HIV infected, those who engage in behaviors that put themselves at risk, and the population at large;
3. Sensitivity to diverse groups and understanding of the unique needs of those who are HIV infected and their significant others;
4. Ability to understand the implications of social and cultural factors, including values, stigmas, and stereotypes, on the development and implementation of HIV/AIDS policy.
5. Knowledge about the opportunities and constraints on social work practice as these relate to current HIV/AIDS social policies.
6. Understanding of the psychosocial and biological progression of HIV illness, including new treatment options, and the coping mechanisms of clients, their significant others and professionals for dealing with terminal/chronic illness, disability, lose and death;
7. Incorporation of this knowledge with social work values and practice skills in order to be able to appropriately assess and provide interventions related to: HIV/AIDS education, social action for prevention and improved service delivery, and direct services to those who are HIV infected and their significant others.
Clicking on the book titles will take you directly
to the Amazon Online Bookstore for ordering.
You may return to this page to add books to your shopping cart.
Hoffman, M.A. (1996). Counseling clients with HIV disease. New York: Guilford Press.
Shilts, R. (1995). And the band played on . New York: Penguin Books.
Subscription to CDC HIV/STD/TB Prevention News Update - To add your name to the subscription list, send a blank message to the address email@example.com .
Students should select books from this list
as relevant to their field placements and interests.
Clicking on the book titles will take you directly to the Amazon Online Bookstore for ordering.
You may return to this page to add books to your shopping cart.
Boyd-Franklin, N., Steiner, G.L., & Boland, M.G. (1995). Children, families and HIV/AIDS: Psychosocial and therapeutic issues . New York: Guilford Press.
Crocker, A.C., Cohen, H.J., & Kastner, T.A. (eds.). (1992). HIV infection and developmental disabilities . Baltimore, MD.: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.
Gould, P. (1993). The slow plague: A geography of the AIDS pandemic. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.
Halett, M.A. (1997). Activism and marginalization in the AIDS crisis . Binghamton, NY: The Harrington Park Press.
Leukefeld, C.G. & Fimbres. M. (eds.). (1989). Responding to AIDS: Psychosocial initiatives . Silver Spring, MD: National Association of Social Workers.
Odetts, W. (1995). In the shadow of the epidemic: Being HIV negative in the age of AIDS . Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
Overall, C. & Zion, W.P. (1991). Perspectives on AIDS: Ethical and social issues . New York: Oxford University Press.
Perrow, C. & Guillén, M. F. (1990). The AIDS disaster: The failure of organizations in New York and the nation . New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
Reamer, F.C. (1991). AIDS and ethics . NY: Columbia University Press.
Roth, N.L. & Fuller, L.K. (1998). Women and AIDS: Negotiating safer practices, care and representation . Binghamton, NY: Harrington Park Press.
The final grade for this course will be determined in the following manner:
60% Experiential Projects (2)
25% Policy Analysis Paper on And the Band Played On
*Class participation includes participation in AIDSCLASS listserv discussions and monthly meetings at Diversity University. Since a portion of the learning in this class will involve discussions, exercises and internet resources, students who miss an activity will miss valuable learning experiences that cannot be duplicated. It is expected that students will hand in written assignments as scheduled. There will be a penalty factor of one letter grade (i.e.. an "A" will become an "A-") for late assignments. For each week that an assignment is late, grades will be continually penalized.
There are three internet resources developed for this class. Students are expected to participate on a regular basis.
3. An interactive web page has been developed that contains a copy of the course syllabus (with hot links to web pages listed as readings, a link to the Amazon OnLine Bookstore which allows ordering of required and recommended texts, and a listing of useful Internet Web pages for this class. This will provide you with up to the date information and resources. This page is located at http://www.geocities.com/weinerap. Students should check it on a regular basis to see if new information is available.
POLICY ANALYSIS PAPER: AND THE BAND PLAYED ON
- Due 6th Week of Class
(Meets Learning Objectives 1, 4, 5 & 7.)
This paper is based on your reading of Randy Shilts' And the Band Played On. After reading the book, comment on the following questions in trying to understand the American response to AIDS:
2. Shilts suggests that "Common sense, however, rarely carried much weight in regard to AIDS policy" (p. 306). What did he mean by this and what were the implications for AIDS policy?
3. What could or should have been done about Gaetan Dugas? What ethical and legal issues are raised by his behavior?
4. If we knew then what we know now, what should have been the government's response to AIDS? Describe in detail the actions that might have been taken.
5. How do the events detailed in this book continue to effect the delivery of social work services to those who are HIV infected and how might you or your agency improve services?
There will be two projects in this course. The papers discussing your experience are to be completed within 5-7 double-spaced, typewritten pages. These papers must use proper grammar and APA citation style. Papers must make relevant references to readings and course materials. It is expected that in order to complete these projects adequately that students will use library resources in addition to citations provided in this course outline. Students should be prepared to discuss their papers in class. The specific details for each of these projects follow.
PROJECT #1 - "THE PERSONAL FACE OF AIDS" - Due on 10th Week
(Meets Learning Objectives 1, 3, 6 & 7)
This project involves interviewing people who are personally involved with AIDS. Students are to select one professional from Category A and one person from Category B: (a total of two interviews):
A professional who works directly with those who are HIV infected (physician, nurse, social worker, etc.)
A professional who works indirectly on behalf of those who are HIV infected (community planner, politician, hospital administrator, researcher, etc.)
A volunteer providing services to HIV infected people
An HIV infected person
A significant other/family member of an HIV infected person
One of these interviews must take place in an agency that is not your primary field placement setting.
Your interviews should focus on:
1. How has HIV/AIDS effected the life of these persons? Personally? Professionally?After completing your two interviews, discuss your findings as related to the materials you have been reading about the psychosocial, service delivery and political aspects of AIDS. The final portion of your written paper should focus on what you learned and how this assignment affected you, including your practice as a professional social worker? Avoid simply reporting on the responses to your interview questions. Students should be prepared to discuss their findings and experiences with other members of the course.
2. What strategies have they developed to cope with HIV/AIDS?
3. Have they had any negative or positive experience in receiving/delivering services or having any of their needs met? Explain.
4. What recommendations do they have for improving service delivery?
5. What recommendations would they make to another person who is in the same circumstances as themselves?
PROJECT #2- "AIDS Education/Prevention Project" - Due last week of class
(Meets Learning Objectives 2, 3 & 7.)
This experiential project can be completed individually or in small groups. Each individual or group will develop an AIDS Education/Prevention Project to be carried out by the student(s) in their field placement agency, another community setting, and/or WSSW. The text You Can Do Something About AIDS provides many ideas that are suitable.
Time will be allotted in class for the students to work in groups to organize and develop these projects in consultation with the professor. Any materials to be distributed for this project require the prior approval of the professor, your field instructor or other agency administration.
Each student will prepare their own paper. The written portion
of this project will include a brief description of the project and the
learning goals that the individual/group hope to accomplish. In addition,
students should discuss: Obstacles or issues that arose in the implementation
of such a project; staff, clients or other persons' reactions to the project;
and assessment of the success of the project and implications for future
projects. These should be addressed as they relate to the course materials
and library resources. The last topic to be addressed in the paper is the
student's own personal reaction to their participation in the project and
the implications for their practice as a social worker.
READING LIST AND COURSE CALENDAR
Students should begin reading Shilts' And the Band Played On and continue reading throughout the course. They will need to have completed this book by the end of the fifth week. Special sections that relate to individual topics have been noted in the course outline. The earlier in the course that students complete this reading, the more helpful will be the material in the book.
Students are expected to read all the required text materials and handouts as a minimum. Articles that are available from PROQUEST online through the New York Public Library or the Pollack Library are indicated by [P]. Remote access does require a New York City Public Library card or the bar code on your student ID.It is expected that other readings will be incorporated from the reading list as relevant to individual papers and assignments.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1997). Update: AIDS --- United States, 2000 . Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 51(27), 592-595.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1997). Update: Trends in AIDS incidence, deaths, and prevalence --- United States, 1996 .), 333-4.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1996). Mortality attributable to HIV infection among persons aged 25-44 . Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 45(6), 121-125.
[I] Centers for Disease Control
First 500,000 AIDS cases - United States
, 1995. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 44
History of the Ryan White CARE ACT can be found at thre HRSA web site: http://hab.hrsa.gov/history.htm
[I] Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) (October, 2000). Delivering
HIV services to vulnerable populations: What have we learned?
[I] UNAIDS (2002). AIDS Epidemic Update.
[H] Chapter 15, Multicultural
Considerations in Counseling People with HIV Disease
Chapter 19, Counseling for Prevention: Understanding Risk Factors
[P] Staton, M., Leukefeld, C., Logan, T.K., Zimmerman, R., et. al. (1999). Risky sex behavior and substance abuse among young adults. Health and Social Work, 24(2), 147-154.
[P] Weiner, A. (1996). Understanding the social needs of streetwalking prostitutes. Social Work, 41(1), 97-105.
An index of all CDC Fact Sheets can be found at:
And index of Factsheets about populations served by the Ryan White CARE ACT can be found at: http://hab.hrsa.gov/history.htm
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2003). Fact Sheets - HIV/AIDS Among US Women: Minority and Young Women at Continuing Risk: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pubs/facts/women.htm
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2002). Fact Sheets - Drug-Associated HIV Transmission Continues in the United States: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pubs/facts/idu.htm
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2002). Fact Sheets - HIV/AIDS Among Hispanics in the United States: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pubs/facts/hispanic.htm
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (2002). Fact Sheets - Need for Sustained HIV Prevention Among Men who Have Sex with Men: http://www.cdc.gov/hiv/pubs/facts/msm.htm
[I] Centers for Disease
Control (CDC). (1998). Trends in the HIV& aids epidemic - 1998:
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Unrecognized HIV Infection, Risk Behaviors, and Perceptions of Risk Among Young Black Men Who Have Sex with Men --- Six U.S. Cities, 1994--1998. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR). 51(33), 733-736.
[I] Centers for Disease
Control (CDC). (2000).
HIV/AIDS among men who have sex with men and inject drugs --- United
. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 49(21), 465-470.
[S] Shilts, "June 13 - New York City", 320-323.
[I] The Body Web Civil Rights Web page: http://www.thebody.com/govt2.html#rights
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (December 01, 2000). HIV-Related knowledge and stigma --- United States, 2000. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR), 49(47)1062-4. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm4947a2.htm
FOR DISCUSSION - [S] Shilts, #37 "October 4,
1983 San Franccisco AIDS Foundation", 374-375.
[H] Chapter 16, Ethical and Professional Issues in Counseling People with HIV Disease
[JS] Chapter 2, Practice of Public Health
[I] New York State's HIV
Reporting and Partner Notification (Implementation Date: June 1, 2000):
[S] Shilts, "October 9 - San Francisco Department of Public Health", 489-491.
[I] The Body Web Page on Financial and Legal Issues: http://www.thebody.com/legal.html
[I] The American Civil Liberties Union HIV/AIDS and Civil Liberties page: http://www.aclu.org/issues/aids/hmaids.html
[I] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Civil Rights. (July 2000). Fact Sheet - Your rights as a person with HIV infectiions, AIDS or related condition (in federally funded Health and Human Service Programs): http://www.hhs.gov/ocr/hiv.html
[P] Burris, S. (1999). Studying
the legal management of HIV-related stignma. The American Behavioral
Scientist, 42(7), 1229-1243.
A. THE MEDIA
[P] Booth, K.M. (2000). "Just testing": Race, sex and the media in New York's "Baby AIDS" debate. Gender & Society, 14(5), 644-661.
[I] Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) HIV/AIDS Information Center: http://www.ama-assn.org/special/hiv/
[I] The Body Web Page on "Treatment Overview": http://www.thebody.com/treat/treatovr.html
[P] Levi, J. & Kates, J. (2000). HIV: Challenging the health care delivery system. American Journal of Public Health, 90(7), 1033-1036.
[I] CDC HIV/AIDS Web Page: http://www.cdc.gov/nchstp/hiv_aids/dhap.htm
[I] Harvard Web Page on
[I] U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; Social Security. (1993). A guide to social security and SSI disability benefits for people with HIV infection. SSA Publication No. 05-10020. Washington, D.C. http://www.ssa.gov/pubs/10020.html
[P] Poindexter, C. C. (1999).
Promises in the plague: Passage of the Ryan White Comprehensive AIDS
Resources Emergency Act as a case study for legislative action. Health
& Social Work, 24(1), 35-41.
[S] Shilts, "San Francisco". pp. 347-348.
[I] Fact Sheet On "Affirming Persons--Saving Lives'' An AIDS Awareness Curriculum For Churches, UCC AIDS Ministry, United Church of Christ, Office of Communication, Washington, D.C.. http://qrd.tcp.com/qrd/orgs/UCC/fact.sheet-UCC
[I] Joint Commission on Social Action and Public Policy, United Synagogue of Conservative Judaism "Judaism and HIV/AIDS", http://www.thebody.com/uscj/judaism.html.
[I] Web Page on Religion and HIV: http://www.thebody.com/religion.html
[I] Web Page: "HIV/AIDS
Ministries Network, United Methodist Church",
http://188.8.131.52/programs/hiv/aids.html - you may wish to check out specifically tthe focus papers located at http://184.108.40.206/resources/hivfocus/focus.html
[JS] Chapter 6, Voluntary and Community-Based Organizations
[I] The Body Web Page on Agencies and Organizations http://www.thebody.com/help.html
[P] Delgado, M. & Santiago,
J. (1998). HIV/AIDS in a Puerto Rican/Dominican community: A collaborative
project with a botanical shop. Social Work, 43(2), 183-186.
[H] Chapter 2, Disease Progression: Physical and Neurocognitive Changes
[S] Shilts, Sections on Gary Walsh and Bill Kraus
[P] Marcenko, M.O., & Samosi, L. (1999). Living with HIV/AIDS: The voices of HIV-positive mothers. Social Work, 44(1), 36-45.
[P] Ruiz, P. (2000). Living and dying the HIV/AIDS: A psychosocial perspective. The American Journal of Psychiatry, 157(1), 110-113.
[P] Schuster, M.A., Kanouse, D.E., Morton, S.C., Bozzettee, S.A., Miu, A., Scott, G.B., & Shapiro, M.F. (2000). HIV-Infected parents and their children in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 90(7), 1074-1081.
[P] Travers, R. & Paoletti,
D. (1999). Responding to the support needs of HIV positive lesbian, gay,
and bisexual youth. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 8 (4),
[H] Chapter 17, Counseling the Caregivers: Significant Others and Health Care Professionals
[S] Shilts, "Matt Krieger's Journal. pp. 373, 389-390, 401, 423-424.
[P] Kadushin, G. (1999). Barriers to social support and support received from their families of origin among gay men with HIV/AIDS. Health and Social Work, 24(3), 198-209.
[P] Poindexter, C.C. and Linsk, N., (2000). HIV-related stigma in a sample of HIV-affected older female African American caregivers. Social Work, 44(1), 46-61.
[P] Stein, M. D., Crystal,
S., Cunningham, W. E., Ananthanarayanan, A., Andersen, R. M., Turner, B.
J., Zierler, S., Morton, S., Katz, M. H., Bozzette, S. A., Shapiro, M. F.,
& Schuster, M. A. (2000). Delays in seeking HIV care due to competing
caregiver responsibilities. American Journal of Public Health, 90
Odetts, W. (1995). In the shadow of the epidemic:
Being HIV negative in the age of AIDS. Durham, NC: Duke University Press.
Ryan, C. "A Day in the Life of an AIDS Health Worker. reprint from the NASW.
[P] Ross, M. W., Greenfield, S. A., & L, B.
(1999). Predictors of dropout and burnout in AIDS volunteers: A longitudinal
study. AIDS Care, 11(6), 723-731.
VII. EDUCATION AND PREVENTION (Session 12 - course objective 5)
[H] Chapter 20, Models of
Chapter 21, Community-Based Interventions
[P] De Jarlais, D. C. (2000). Research, Politics and Needle Exchange. American Journal of Public Health, 90(9), 1392-1393.
[P] Lewis, J.R.; Boyle, D. P., Lewis, L.S., & Evans, M. (2000). Reducing AIDS and substance abuse risk factors among homeless, HIV-infected drug-using persons. Research in Social Work Practice, 10(1), 15-33.
[P] Ortiz-Torres, B., Serrano-Garcia, I., & Torres-Burgos, N. (2000). Subverting cuture: Promoting HIV/AIDS prevention among Puerto Rican and Dominican women. American Journal of Community Psychology, 28 (6), 859-881.
[P] Purcell, D.W., DeGroff,
A.S., & Wolitski, R.J. (1998). HIV prevention case management: Current
practice and future directions. Health and Social Work, 23(4), 282-289.
[I] CDC. (2003). Advancing HIV Prevention: New Strategies for a Changing Epidemic --- United States, 2003 . 52(15), 329-332.
[I] CDC. (1995). HIV counseling and testing- United States 1993. MMWR, 44(9), 169-174.
[I] CDC. (1994). Knowledge
and practices among injecting-drug users of bleach use for equipment disinfection
- New York City, 1993. MMWR, 43(24)), 439, 445-446.
[H] Chapter 7, Interventions to Facilitate Emotional Adapt ion to HIV Disease
[P] Bacha, T., Pomeroy, E.C. , & Gilbert, D. (1999). A psychoeducational group intervention for HIV-positive children: A pilot study. Health and Social Work, 24(4), 303-306.
[P] Chernesky, R. H. & Grube, B. (2000). Examing the HIV/AIDS casemanagement process. Health and Social Work, 25(4), 243-253.
[P] Melchior, L. A., Panter, A. T., Larson, T. A., Meredith, K. L., Richardsen-Nassif, K., & Huba, G. J. (2000). Key elements for implementing comprehensive health care models for persons with HIV. Evaluation and the Health Professions, 23(3), 264-283.
[P] Serovich, J. M., Brucker,
P. S., & Kimberly, J. A. (2000). Barriers to social supports for persons
living with HIV/AIDS. AIDS Care, 12(5), 651-662.
Ainslie, D. C. (1999) Questioning bioethics: AIDS, sexual ethics and the duty to warn. The Hastings Center Report, 29 (5), 26-35.
Anderson, G. (1986). Children and AIDS: The challenge for child welfare. Washington, DC: Child Welfare League of America.
[P] Bartos, M., & McDonald, K. (2000). HIV as identity, experience or career. AIDS Care, 12(3), 299-306.
Beckerman, N. (1994). Psychosocial tasks facing the parents whose adult child has AIDS. Family Therapy, 21(3), 209-216.
Beckerman, N. (1995). Suicide in relation to AIDS. Death Studies, 19(3), 223-234.
Beckerman, N., Beder, J., & Gelman, S.R. (1996). Mandatory HIV testing of newborns: The debate and a programmatic response. Affilia: Journal of Women and Social Work, 11(4), 462-483.
Blendon, R.J., & Donelan, K. (1988). Discrimination against people with AIDS. The New England Journal of Medicine, 319 , 1022-1026.
Boland, M.G., Allin, T., Long, G., & Farber, M. (1988). Children with HIV infection (collaborative responsibilities of the child welfare and medical communities). Social Work, 33, 504-509.
[P] Borchert, J., & Rickabaugh, C. A. (1995). When illness is perceived a controllable: The effects of gender and mode of transmission on AIDS-related stigma. Sex Roles, 33(9/10), 657-668.
Brown, L.S. Jr., & Primm, B.J. (1988). Intravenous drug abuse and AIDS and minorities. AIDS and Public Policy. 3(2).
Buckingham, S.S.L., & VanGorp, W.G. (1988). AIDS-dementia complex: Implications for practice. Social Casework, 69, 371-375.
[P] Bungener, C., Marchand-Gonod, N., & Jouvent, R. (2000). African and European HIV-positive women: psychological and psychosocial differences. AIDS Care, 12(5), 541-548.
[P] Burris, S. (1999). Studying the legal management of HIV-related stigma. The American Behavioral Scientist, 42(7), 1229-1243.
[P] Capitanio, J. P., & Herek, G. M. (1999). AIDS-related stigma and attitudes toward injecting drug users among black and white Americans. The American Behavioral Scientist, 42 (7), 1148-1161.
Caputo, L.(1985). Dual diagnosis: AIDS and addiction. Social Work, 30, 489-496.
Cates, J.A., Graham, L.L., Boeglin, D., & Tielker, S. (1990). The effect of AIDS on the family system. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services. 71, 195-201.
Child, R. & Getzel, G.S. (1989). Group work with inner city people with AIDs. Social Work With Groups. 12(4), 65-80.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1998). AIDS among persons aged 50 years and older - United States, 1991-1996 . Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR), 47(2), 21-27.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1997). AIDS rates . Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR), 46(15), 334-344.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1997). Update: Trends in AIDS incidence, deaths, and prevalence -- United States, 1996 . Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR), 46(08), 165-173.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1996). AIDS among children - United States, 1996 . Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR),45(46), 1005-1010.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1996). AIDS associated with injecting drug use - United States , 1995. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR), 45(19), 392-398.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1995). Trends in AIDS among men who have sex with men - United States , 1989-1994. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR), 44(21), 401-404.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1995). HIV risk practices of male injecting-drug users who have sex with men - Dallas, Denver and Long Beach, 1991-1994 , Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR), 44(41),
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1995). Update: AIDS among women United States , 1994. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report(MMWR), 44(5), 81-84.
[I] Centers for Disease Control (CDC). (1994). Current trends: AIDS among ethnic and racial minorities - US 1993 , Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) , 43(35), 644-655.
Chackhes, E. (1987). Women and children with AIDS In C.G. Leukefeld and M.I. Fimbres (eds.). Responding to AIDS, (pp. 51-64), Washington, DC: National Association of Social Workers.
Cross, E. W. (1992). AIDS: Legal implications for managers. Journal of the American Dietetic Association,92 (1), 74-7.
Cowen, D.N. (1991). HIV infection among members of the army reserve components residing in New York City. New York State Journal of Medicine, Nov., 479-482.
Davidson, K. W., & Foster, Z. (1995). Social work with dying and bereaved clients: helping the workers. Social Work in Health Care, 21(4), 1-16, .
De Souza, E. J. (1993). Ethical and legal issues and AIDS. Journal of the Indian Medical Association, 91(12), 325-326.
Derse, A. R. (1995). HIV and AIDS: Legal and ethical issues in the emergency department. Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America, 13(1), 213-23.
Dicks, B. A. (1994). African American women and AIDS: A public health/social work challenge. Social Work in Health Care , 19(3-4), 123-43.
Dill, A. (1994). Institutional environments and organizational responses to AIDS. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 35(4), 346.-369.
Dunkel, J. & Hatfield, S. (1986). Countertransference issues in working with persons with AIDS. Social Work. 31, 114-118.
Getzel, G. (1991). Survival modes for people with AIDS in groups. Social Work. 36 (1), 7-11.
Getzel, G.S. & Mahony, K. (1988). Education for life during the AIDS pandemic. Social Casework. 69, 393-396.
Graddy, B. (1994). Fear of AIDS litigation. Courts say seriousness of potential harm outweighs low risk of transmission. Texas Medicine, 90(5), 40-2.
[P] Herek, G. M. (1999). AIDS and stigma. The American Behavioral Scientist, 42(7), 1106-1116.
Honey, E. (1988). AIDS and the inner city: Critical issues. Social Casework,69, 365-370.
Icard, L.D., Schilling, R.F., El-Bassel, N., & Young, D. (1992). Preventing AIDS among black gay men and black gay and heterosexual male intravenous drug users. Social Work,37(5), 440-445.
Johnson, D.P., & Johnson, C.A. (1991). Paying for the HIV epidemic. Connecticut Medicine, 55(1), 38-42.
Johnston, C. (1992). AIDS and the law: Do courts have a place in the bedrooms of the nation? Canadian Medical Association Journal , 146(11), 2065-70.
Jue, S. (1994). Psychosocial issues of AIDS long-term survivors. Families in Society:The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, 75(6), 324-332.
Kaplan, H.B., Johnson, R.J., Bailey, C.A., & Simon, W. (1987). The sociological study of AIDS: A critical review of the literature and suggested research agenda, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 28 (2), 140-157.
[P] Laine, C., Makson, L. E., Fanning, T. R., & Tunrer, B. J. (1999). Relationship between ambulatory care accessibility and hospitalization for persons with advanced HIV disease. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 10(3), 313-327.
Land, H. (1994). AIDS and women of color. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services. 75(6), 355-361.
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